One is a former State Supreme Courtroom justice who acts with a lawyer’s warning; the opposite a Trumpist firebrand who started his political profession within the world of conservative talk radio. They’ve sparred at instances, most lately this winter over the deadly failure of their state’s electrical grid.

However collectively, Gov. Greg Abbott and Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, the 2 strongest males in Texas, are the driving power behind one in every of the hardest right turns in recent state history.

The 2 Republicans stand united at a pivotal second in Texas politics, opposing Democrats who have left the state for Washington in protest of the G.O.P.-controlled Legislature’s try to overhaul the state’s election system — blocking Republicans from advancing any payments to Mr. Abbott’s desk. Any coverage variations between the governor and lieutenant governor have melted away within the face of the realities of at present’s Republican Get together, with a base dedicated to former President Donald J. Trump and insistent on an uncompromising conservative agenda.

“The lieutenant governor reads off the playbook of the far proper, and that’s the place we go,” stated State Senator Kel Seliger, a reasonable Republican from Amarillo. “The governor much less so, however not a lot much less so.”

Now, if Mr. Abbott and Mr. Patrick hope to maintain momentum for Texas Republicans — and if the bold two males hope to strengthen their profession prospects — they need to navigate a political and public relations battle over voting rights involving an offended base, restive Republican lawmakers and a largely absent but outspoken Democratic delegation.

Mr. Abbott, 63, a lawyer who has held or been campaigning for statewide workplace since 1996, has shifted to the correct as he prepares for a re-election bid subsequent 12 months that can contain the primary difficult Republican main he has ever confronted. Whereas Texas voters broadly approve of his management and he is sitting on a $55 million war chest, far-right activists and lawmakers have grumbled about his perceived political moderation. And Mr. Abbott is considered by some in Texas as eyeing a possible presidential run in 2024, which might additional sway his political calculations.

Mr. Patrick, 71, who began one of many nation’s first chains of sports activities bars earlier than turning into a radio host and the proprietor of Houston’s largest conservative speak station, holds what is probably essentially the most highly effective non-gubernatorial statewide workplace within the nation, overseeing the Senate underneath Texas’ uncommon legislative guidelines. His years of tending to the conservative base are paying off for him now: He’s operating unopposed for renomination, after main Mr. Abbott and the state down a extra conservative path than the governor has ever articulated for himself.

Each leaders are extremely cognizant of what the Republican base needs: Stricter abortion laws. Eliminating most gun regulations. Anti-transgender measures. Guidelines for how schools teach about racism. And above all there may be Mr. Trump’s high precedence: wide-ranging new legal guidelines proscribing voting and increasing partisan lawmakers’ energy over elections.

Republicans proceed to carry a lot of the playing cards, however they face the prospect of showing toothless amid irritating delays and rising calls from conservatives to take harsh motion in opposition to the Democrats.

The divergent kinds of the governor and lieutenant governor could possibly be seen in how they reacted to the information on Monday that Democrats have been leaving the state. Mr. Abbott instructed an Austin TV station that the lawmakers would be arrested in the event that they returned to the state and pledged to maintain calling particular classes of the Legislature till they agreed to take part. Mr. Patrick — whose social media instincts could possibly be seen way back to 2015, when he started his inaugural speech by taking selfies with the crowd — mocked the Democrats by posting a photo of them en path to the Austin airport, with a case of beer on the bus.

“They’ll’t maintain out ceaselessly,” Mr. Patrick stated of Democrats during a Fox News appearance Thursday. “They’ve households again residence, they’ve jobs again residence and fairly quickly their wives or husbands will say, ‘It’s time to get again residence.’”

For the second, Mr. Patrick has way more energy in shaping and shifting payments by the State Senate than the governor does. Whereas Mr. Abbott convened the special session of the Legislature and dictated the subjects to be mentioned, he isn’t an arm-twister and, with the Democrats gone, there aren’t any arms to be twisted.

“The lieutenant governor is using very excessive within the Texas Senate and he has common appearances on Fox and I feel he’s operating fairly freely proper now,” stated Joe Straus, a reasonable Republican from San Antonio who served because the speaker of the Texas Home for a decade till, underneath strain from conservatives, he selected to not search re-election in 2018. “He’s very influential in setting the agenda in the intervening time.”

Representatives for Mr. Abbott and Mr. Patrick declined interview requests for this text. The Instances spoke with Texas Republicans who know the 2 males, in addition to aides and allies who spoke on the situation of anonymity as a result of they weren’t licensed to talk publicly.

Mr. Abbott and Mr. Patrick have tussled sometimes lately over how far to the correct to take Texas. This winter, Mr. Patrick implicitly criticized the governor’s stewardship of the state’s electrical grid after a snowstorm triggered widespread energy failures that led to the deaths of more than 200 people.

However although Mr. Abbott is now aligned with Mr. Patrick in opposition to the state’s Democrats, he’s drawing criticism, even from some Republicans, for pushing his agenda as a matter of political expediency, now that he’s dealing with a crowd of main challengers from the correct. His rivals embody Allen West, the previous congressman and chairman of the state Republican Get together, and Don Huffines, a former state senator who was an outspoken critic of Mr. Abbott’s preliminary coronavirus restrictions.

The governor must win a minimum of 50 % within the main to keep away from a runoff that may pit him in opposition to a extra conservative opponent — a treacherous place for any Texas Republican.

“These are points that the grass roots and the Republican Get together have been engaged on and submitting payments on for 10 years,” stated Jonathan Stickland, a conservative Republican who represented a State Home district within the Fort Price space for eight years earlier than opting out of re-election in 2020. “Abbott didn’t care till he bought opponents within the Republican main.”

Paul Bettencourt, who holds Mr. Patrick’s previous Senate seat and hosts a radio show on the Houston station that Mr. Patrick nonetheless owns, was blunt about who he thought was the true chief on conservative coverage. “The lieutenant governor has been out in entrance on these points for, in some circumstances, 18 years,” Mr. Bettencourt stated.

Mr. Abbott’s allies say his priorities haven’t shifted with the political winds. “To me and anybody who pays consideration, it shouldn’t shock anybody that Greg Abbott is a conservative and he’s a border safety hawk,” stated John Wittman, who spent seven years as an Abbott aide. The governor is being extra closely scrutinized on points like weapons and the transgender invoice, Mr. Wittman stated, as a result of “these have been points that bubbled up on account of what’s taking place now.”

Mr. Abbott predicted that Democrats would pay a political worth for leaving the state.

“All they need to do is complain,” he told the Fox News host Sean Hannity on Thursday. “Texas voters are going to be extraordinarily offended on the Texas Home members for not exhibiting up and never doing their jobs.”

No invoice has produced extra outrage amongst Democrats than the proposals to rewrite Texas voting legal guidelines, that are already among the many most restrictive within the nation.

The Republican voting laws consists of new restrictions that voting rights teams say would have a disproportionate impression on poorer communities and communities of colour, particularly in Harris County, which incorporates Houston and is the state’s largest.

Democrats are most fearful about provisions within the Texas payments that may develop the authority of partisan ballot watchers, who have become increasingly aggressive in some states, resulting in fears that they might intimidate voters and election employees.

“We’re seeing backtracking on the progress that has been made in voting rights and entry to the poll field throughout this nation,” State Consultant Chris Turner, the Democratic chief within the Texas Home, stated this week. “There’s a gentle drumbeat of Republican voter suppression efforts in Texas and likewise throughout the nation, all of that are based mostly on an enormous lie.”

Mr. Abbott, Mr. Patrick and different Republicans say the elections laws will simplify voting procedures throughout a state with 254 counties and 29 million individuals.

The 2 Republican leaders have been largely aligned this 12 months on legislative priorities past an electoral overhaul. Mr. Patrick has been the driving power for social points that animate right-wing Texans, pushing for brand new restrictions on transgender youths and ordering a state historical past museum to cancel an event with the author of a book that seeks to re-examine slavery’s position within the Battle of the Alamo, a seminal second in Texas historical past.

Mr. Abbott used an earlier walkout by Democrats over voting rights as a possibility to position himself on the heart of a number of conservative laws, together with a proposal for extra border safety funding through the particular session that started final week. This follows a daily session wherein Texas Republicans enacted a near-ban of abortions within the state and dropped most handgun licensing guidelines, amongst different conservative measures.

Mr. Abbott’s place, nonetheless, has left him with out a lot room to maneuver to achieve any type of compromise that would finish the stalemate and convey the Democrats residence from Washington. Up to now he has vowed to arrest them and have them “cabined” within the statehouse chamber ought to they return to Texas — a menace that has not led to any dialogue between the 2 sides.

Mr. Straus, the previous State Home speaker, stated the episode illustrated a big decline of bipartisan custom in Texas, one he stated was evident underneath the earlier governor, Rick Perry.

“I used to be speaker when Governor Perry was there as nicely and we had some bumps with him too, however he was at all times in a position to work with the Legislature,” Mr. Straus stated. “He was ready to do that with out sacrificing his conservative credentials. That appears to be lacking at present, as everybody’s dug in doing their tough-guy act.”

Manny Fernandez contributed reporting.